Why Are Chinese Food Coupons?

Why Are Chinese Food Coupons
Why Are Chinese Food Coupons Why Are Chinese Food Coupons Why Are Chinese Food Coupons Why Are Chinese Food Coupons Written by Zhao Jingman (ventureoutsource.com) [first published on ventureoutsource.com] HAPPINESS PERmeates Every Aspect of Modern-Day Chinese Families. They are really joyful, and they are always purchasing things for the infants. These goods include things such as milk powder, dresses, skirts, baby books, snacks, and other sorts of toys.

  • They do not provide any other further considerations before making their purchases; instead, they simply buy.
  • There is everything, plenty of things; rich in kind you need in the super market, free market, shops, and stores as a result of a series of economic reforms called out by the government led by Deng Xiaoping.

This causes people to forget about their old memories of the difficult times thanks to the fact that people can now forget about their old memories. If you were to be asked to estimate what the goods below are, for what these were before the artwork was drawn, you would most certainly guess incorrectly.

These are neither tickets for the train or the bus, nor are they receipts or invoices. These are coupons that were originally used in China for purchasing grain, including wheat, rice, and food oil, as well as eggs, textiles, and bicycles. We have gathered these coupons for a variety of foods that were available between the years 1964 and 1996.

It just so happens that some of them were retained by my family. This item, which is part of China’s history, is in the hands of a very small number of individuals today. Permit me to show you some images; here they are for your viewing pleasure: Pictured above is the front cover of a grain coupon deposit card, complete with the name and address of the person making the deposit, the card number, the date the card was registered, and any further notes.

  • Picture 2 shows the interior of a grain coupon deposit card.
  • It lists the beginning date of the year along with the transaction dates and quantities for grain and flour.
  • Pictured above is a national grain voucher from 1965, which was mostly utilized by the military but was redeemable everywhere in the country.

It shows the entire amount of the coupon, which is 5 Chinese Shi Jin (2.5kg), as well as the year it was issued. Picture 4 Comparable to picture 3, the national grain voucher from 1966, Chinese Shi Jin (1.5kg). Pic.5 Beijing municipal local flour coupons from the Beijing Grain Bureau (1986) with a value of 0.5 Chinese Shi Jin.

Picture number six, number five, and number six (0.25kg). Pic.7 Beijing municipal local rice coupon. The coupon is only valid until the final day of the year it was issued. Identifies the month the coupon is for, the year the coupon was issued (1993), and 7.500G (1 Shi jin). Coupon for Beijing municipally produced local food oil, picture number 8.

Expiration date was the final day of May in 1993. Around fifty years ago, the country was not able to produce as much grain or other types of food for its people, such as meats, eggs, non-staple foods, even textiles, and so on. This limited the nation’s ability to provide for its people.

After that, the Chinese government began to provide grain coupons and coupons for food that was not considered a staple in an effort to address the challenges that arose from attempting to satisfy the demands of the people, who had specific requirements for grain, food, meat, and eggs. The coupons were worthless and were unable to fulfill any duties related to circulation.

However, they were similar to ration cards, which helped keep the ration system, which was put into place to deal with the severe lack of material commodities at the time, operating efficiently. The holders of the vouchers were given the impression that they were eligible for or had the option to purchase the restricted products.

  1. There were two types of coupons: those issued locally and those issued by the state.
  2. Locally issued coupons could only be used within the area that was administered by the local government, whereas state-issued coupons, which were typically and primarily given to military officers, could be used anywhere in the country.

Let’s now travel back in time more than thirty years, shall we? You couldn’t get what you want for your family even if you had some little money even though you knew that material goods and products faced a serious shortage in the supply in 1979, when I married my husband, there weren’t many things for residents in the market in China.

  • We knew that.
  • In 1979, when I married my husband, there weren’t many things for residents in the market in China.
  • You need to have your coupons with you, and the shop assistant will take them from you; of course, you will also need to have the right amount of money in order to purchase the items that you desire.

There are certain Chinese folks who have such a privileged position. Classes only for VIPs! Which were not required to present any credentials or coupons to the salesclerks, sellers, or shop workers in any stores. We couldn’t believe our good fortune when the municipal government of Beijing gave each of us a coupon for a free cupboard.

  1. After some deliberation and consensus, we decided to buy a wardrobe like some of the other couples, but we wouldn’t give up the coupon because, despite the fact that the coupon had no monetary value, it is still valuable.
  2. We did so.
  3. In July of 1980, our family welcomed a new member when I gave birth to my daughter; the challenges that we had as parents in those days were very different from those that parents face now.

We are required to make preparations, exercise management, and exert effort in order to acquire nourishment for the infant. The majority of the time, we need to go three kilometers in order to get 250 milliliters of fresh milk that was registered one month in advance.

  1. After that, you have to stand in line and bring some coupons that are valid in order to get something to eat so that you may continue to survive each day.
  2. I had forgotten that we needed a bicycle, but we don’t have the government coupon for it.
  3. Because of this, we went to a friend of my husband’s who was working in Shanghai to get a coupon for a bicycle, and we had the bike sent to my house in Beijing airport through air transport.

Therefore, we were able to bring our daughter to the location that she desired by using the bicycle. Due to the fact that most households did not own automobiles and the number of public transit options was limited, this was of the utmost significance.

  • Bicycles served as an almost primary mode of transportation for individuals who ventured out for business or amusement.
  • After giving birth to our daughter in 1980, my husband and I were able to make a little amount of money each month, which was not a terrible situation when compared to other people’s circumstances.

However, I distinctly recall that we did not have sufficient coupons for purchasing food at the time. We then went to the wife of one of my husband’s colleagues, who was working at a department store at the time, for more good food. Through this back door, we obtained more nourishing food such as eggs, chicken, and meat to build up my health so that I could feed our daughter.

A few months ago, our daughter told me, “it’s incredible,” when I was calling the things to mind and telling her that life was becoming easier and easier after the culture revolution had ended. After 1995, there was a noticeable improvement in the reserve supply’s availability. In today’s world, resources for every industry are abundant, and the purchase of consumer products is being aggressively pushed in order to stimulate economic growth.

In the words of the author Beijing municipality is home for Zhao Jingman and her family. Beijing is the capital and largest city in China. In her book, she discusses a time in Chinese history when families had to be more resourceful in order to put food on the table.

She has worked for the Beijing bureau of the Civil Aviation Administration of CAAC for a number of years and has handled a variety of significant jobs throughout that time. Send in your writings to be published in My China Journal. Every author gets their due payment. The readers of VentureOutsource.com would appreciate it if you would share your experiences of working, studying, visiting, or living in China, along with any accompanying photographs.

You may find out more by clicking here, or you can email your tale at insightventureoutsource.com. The information that can be found on VentureOutsource.com is protected by copyright, which means that it cannot be rewritten, reprinted, or reproduced without permission. Why Are Chinese Food Coupons Why Are Chinese Food Coupons Why Are Chinese Food Coupons Why Are Chinese Food Coupons

See also:  Can You Eat Leftover Chinese Food When Your Pregnant?

Does China have rations?

In China, there are two different kinds of market rationing: administrative rationing, which uses coupons for food grains and oils and notes for the non-staple food products; and price rationing, which sets a maximum price for certain goods. Administrative Rationing The basic food grain is subject to administrative rationing, which is managed through the consumer’s unit using coupons.

What is a food coupon?

Food coupons are vouchers for meals that are provided by companies to their staff members so that they can eat whenever and wherever they like. The majority of people who make use of Food Coupons are workers and salespeople who work outside the office or who must go out of town for job-related reasons.

Can China feed itself?

The short answer is that it is not possible. It takes around 0.5 hectares (one acre) to produce enough food for the average person in the United States. When land that has been destroyed by pollution is taken into account, China only possesses roughly 0.2 acres of arable land per person.

Is electricity free in China?

China, in the month of December 2021: The price of electricity per kilowatt-hour for homes is 0.079 United States Dollars, while the price of electricity per kilowatt-hour for companies is 0.092 United States Dollars. This price covers all aspects of the electricity bill, including the cost of power, distribution, and taxes.

Are food coupons taxable?

An employee will no longer be able to claim an exemption for meal coupons that are provided by way of paid vouchers when the new tax system takes effect in the fiscal year 2020-21. According to Archit Gupta, Founder and CEO of ClearTax, “50 per meal” is the value of the exemption for each meal.

Is food coupon exempted from tax?

The majority of a taxpayer’s income will often come from their salary. The salaried are often provided with a compensation totaling CTC along with their wage package (cost to company). The employee’s employer is the one who decides whether or not the salary income should be taxable.

On top of the wage that is provided to them, the employer will additionally deduct a tax known as TDS. Therefore, the credit for the monthly salary receipts would be applied after the deductions for taxes. The total compensation includes a variety of different elements. A significant number of businesses provide their staff members with the opportunity to organize the various components of their salaries.

While certain aspects of the compensation package remain unchangeable, employees may be eligible for tax breaks related to other aspects of their pay package. The benefit of the components can be claimed by salaried employees by providing documentation to their employer in the appropriate manner.

  • Latest Updates If the yearly premium of a ULIP is more than Rs.2.5 lakh, the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT) has provided rules for the computation of taxable income.
  • If the yearly premium for the ULIP is more than Rs.2.5 lakh in any one year throughout the duration of the policy, then the proceeds from the ULIP will be subject to taxation, as the government said in the most recent Budget 2021.

A wage package would typically consist of the following items: Basic salary Allowance for the house rent (HRA) Leave travel allowance (LTA) Telephone reimbursement Publications like books and magazines Coupons for meals Every employee receives the same fixed amount of money as their base wage, which is then deposited into their account after taxes have been withheld.

  1. Coupons for meals are supplied by the employer, and the value of each coupon is determined based on the cost of two meals each working day.
  2. The employee receives a tax-free sum of Rs 26,400 per year in the form of a lunch coupon allowance that is not subject to income taxation.
  3. When it comes to the other aspects, the employee is responsible for providing the employer with evidence that they have actually incurred the relevant costs.

After receiving the documentation, the employer will perform the calculations necessary to determine whether or not the allowance is free from taxation. The remaining amount of the component, known as the non-exempt element, is subject to taxation in the same manner as the employee’s base wage.

Salary component Expense reimbursed Proof submitted
House rent allowance Rent paid for residential accommodation Rent receipts including PAN of employer (PAN is compulsory for rental payment above Rs 1 lakh annually)
Leave travel allowance Travelling cost to any place in India e.g. air-fare, rail fare Air tickets, train tickets, bus or taxi bills
Telephone reimbursement Landline including broadband and mobile phone Telephone bill or broadband bill
Books and periodicals Cost of books and periodicals purchased Bills or invoices for the books and periodicals

In addition to the perks that come with your wage package, you may be eligible for the following additional tax deductions and benefits: The premium for your life insurance policy, the fees associated with your children’s education, and the payments on your mortgage.

Public Provident Fund (PPF) investments, National Savings Certificate (NSC) investments, mutual fund Equity-Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS) investments, and tax saver fixed deposit investments. The National Pension Scheme (NPS) and the Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana both receive your contributions (SSY) The interest paid on mortgage loans.

Medical insurance premium. Donations. Paying interest on a loan taken out to fund higher education. The following types of documentation may be presented in support of a claim for a tax advantage or tax deduction:

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Investment or payment Allowed as deduction Proof submitted
Allowed as a deduction under section 80C against aggregate income (gross total income)
a. LIC premium Deduction under section 80C against aggregate income (gross total income) LIC premium paid receipts
b. Children’s tuition fee Deduction under section 80C against aggregate income (gross total income) Tuition fee receipts
c. Housing loan repayments Deduction under section 80C against aggregate income (gross total income) Interest or EMI schedule from bank or financial institution
d. PPF Deduction under section 80C against aggregate income (gross total income) PPF passbook or statement
e. NSC Deduction under section 80C against aggregate income (gross total income) NSC photocopies
f. Mutual fund ELSS Deduction under section 80C against aggregate income (gross total income) Mutual fund statement
g. Tax saver fixed deposits Deduction under section 80C against aggregate income (gross total income) Fixed deposit receipts
h. National Pension Scheme (NPS) Deduction under section 80C and 80CCD(2) against aggregate income (gross total income) NPS account statement
i. Sukanya Samriddhi Yojana Deduction under section 80C against aggregate income (gross total income) SSY account statement
j. Contribution to Employee Provident Fund (EPF) Deduction under section 80C against aggregate income (gross total income) No proof is required to be submitted. The employer makes a contribution on behalf of the employee.
Interest on home loan Taken under ‘income from house property’ and reduced from aggregate salary Interest or EMI schedule from bank or financial institution
Medical insurance premium Deduction under section 80D against aggregate income (gross total income) Medical insurance premium receipt
Donations Deduction under section 80G against aggregate income (gross total income) Donation receipts
Interest on loan taken for higher studies Deduction under section 80E against aggregate income (gross total income) Interest schedule from bank or financial institution

Standard deduction and staff perks from the employer In addition to the tax exemptions and deductions mentioned above that may be claimed by an employee, the employer also offers a standard deduction to each employee. For the upcoming fiscal year, 2019-20, the standard deduction would be Rs 50,000.

(AY 2020-21). Separately, companies have the option of giving their employees gifts or providing them with gift vouchers as a perk of their employment. Such donations are free from tax up to a yearly limit of Rs 5,000. The employee is not obligated to provide any documentation to the employer in regard to gifts or any other staff welfare payments provided by the employer.

This includes any and all payments made by the employer. Exceptions from paying income tax that might be sought in the following scenarios: The employee’s former employer is responsible for determining whether or not the retirement and resignation benefits listed below are exempt from taxation.

Income component Criteria for exemption Exemption allowed
Gratuity Allowed on retirement or resignation or death or disablement Least of the following: -Last salary (basic + dearness allowance)* number of years of employment* 15/26; -Rs 20 lakh (which has been hiked from Rs 10 lakh as per the amendment); -Gratuity actually received
Pension Commuted value of the pension allowed at the time of retirement – If the employee receives gratuity, then one-third of the amount of pension -If only pension received, one-half of the pension
Leave encashment Allowed at the time of retirement or resignation Least of the following: -Average salary drawn for the last 10 months; -Salary per day* unutilised leave (considering maximum 30 days leave per year) for every year of completed service -Leave encashment received (i) Leave encashment received by Central or State government employee at the time of retirement or resignation is fully exempt; (ii) Leave encashment received by legal heirs of deceased employees is fully exempt

Is China running out of land?

New Delhi: Despite having only 7% of the world’s total arable land, China is responsible for feeding 22% of the world’s population. This presents a formidable challenge. There are approximately 37 million acres of land that cannot be farmed out of a total of 334 million acres of arable land.

Since 1949, China has seen a loss of one fifth of its arable land as a result of urbanization and industrialization, and the country now possesses only approximately 10 to 15 percent of land that is suitable for agricultural use (compared to 1 percent in Saudi Arabia, 50 percent in India, 20 percent in the United States, and 32 percent in France).

China has an irrigated land area that spans 545,960 square kilometers, and around 40 percent of the country’s crop land is irrigated. Due to the fact that China applies more fertilizer per acre than any other country in the planet, China has a high average yield per acre.

In China, there is a significant imbalance between the country’s agricultural (grain) production and demand. In spite of recurring natural disasters (floods, draughts), dwindling arable land, acute water shortages, depleting workforce, and other challenges, China has struggled to provide food for its population of 1.4 billion people.

According to projections, China’s population will reach 1.5 billion in the year 2030, at which point it would be necessary for the country to produce an additional 100 million tons of food grains annually. According to the China’s Ministry of Emergency Management, this year’s rain-triggered floods and drought earlier in the year have posed a threat to China’s Three Gorges Dam, as well as affected the production of rice, wheat, and other crops in South China as well as in the Yangtze River basin.54.8 million people have been impacted by the flooding, which has resulted in a loss of US$ 20.8 billion in economic activity.

Insect infestations are yet another significant challenge that puts China’s food supply at jeopardy. Maize prices have reached their highest levels in five years as a result of the detection of the autumn armyworm (FAW) in five Chinese provinces this year. This has occurred despite the release of 1.4 billion bushels of corn from the country’s stockpiles during the same time period.

The true danger to China’s food supply is not an outbreak of disease or flooding, but rather the wasteful disposal of food. In China, the average amount of food that is wasted by an individual is 93 grams every meal, while the country’s overall waste rate is 11.7 percent.

A report found that Chinese consumers threw out approximately 17 to 18 million tons of food every year between 2013 and 2015, which is enough food to provide nourishment for 30 to 50 million people on a yearly basis. Aside from China, the epidemic had an effect on the production and commerce of grain across the world.

Rice shipments have been halted in countries such as Vietnam and India, with additional nations following suit in subsequent days. In addition, according to China’s Ministry of Commerce in June 2020, Brazil, Canada, Thailand, Vietnam, Cambodia, and Russia, together with other major producers of wheat, soybeans, and rice, have reduced their shipments, including those to China, in order to first replenish their own supplies.

As the country that imports the most food into its economy, China is being adversely affected the most by this situation. There is increased strain on supply as a result of the coronavirus, locust swarms, and catastrophic floods that have affected a significant portion of China’s most important agricultural regions.

At the same time, escalating security issues with important import sources like the United States and Australia have generated fresh doubts about the nation’s long-term food security. These import sources include the United States and Australia. According to the National Bureau of Statistics, the cost of food in China increased by around 13.2 percent in July 2020 compared to the same month the previous year, while the cost of pork skyrocketed 86%.

As a result of rising costs, China increased its wheat imports to a level not seen in the country in over seven years in June of 2020. China also purchased a volume of beef that set a new record. In an effort to put a stop to the upward trend in food prices, Chinese government agencies released more than 60 million tons of rice, approximately 50 million tons of corn, and over 760,000 tons of soybeans during the first part of 2020.

This volume of food exceeded the amount that was made available throughout the entirety of 2019. As a direct consequence of this, the cost of rice remained unaffected for the time being. When Chinese President Xi Jinping underlined (on August 11) the need of putting an end to the waste of food and urged for the promotion of thrift, the issue of food insecurity was the primary topic of discussion.

  1. Xi emphasized the importance of preserving a feeling of crisis with regard to food security, particularly in light of the COVID-19 outbreak.
  2. It is not the first time that China has initiated a program to reduce the amount of food that is wasted.
  3. Operation empty plate” was initiated in 2013, and this campaign may thus be considered to be the 2.0 version of that initiative.

After Xi’s claim, the Legislative Affairs Commission of China’s National People’s Congress Standing Committee established (on August 13) a special group to initiate legislative work to eliminate the waste of food, and a number of other ministries followed suit.

  • The action taken by Xi has caused some members of the media to speculate about whether or not China is currently experiencing a food crisis.
  • The fact that the state has been buying less wheat during the summer harvests, which is a crucial grain for Chinese households, is one piece of evidence that China is on the verge of experiencing a food catastrophe.

According to data that was made public by China’s National Food and Strategic Reserves Administration (NFSRA), China’s state grain reserve system purchased 41 million tonnes (45 million short tons) of fresh wheat from June 1 through July 31, representing a decrease of 17.2 percent compared to the same time period in the previous year.

According to the opinions of those in the know, this drop can be attributed to the epidemic of the coronavirus, which caused farmers to store an additional 20–30% of their grain. According to data provided by the China General Administration of Customs, one indicator of the severity of the food crisis is that China has resorted to increasing the amount of grain it imports.

From January to July, China imported 74.51 million tons of grain, which is a 22.7 percent increase from the same period last year. China was forced to resort to significant imports of food grains in June of the year 2020. China brought in 910,000 tons of wheat, representing a year-on-year rise of 197%; 880,000 tones of corn, representing a year-on-year increase of 23%; 680,000 tons of sorghum; and 140,000 tons of sugar; these figures are all in metric tons.

Beijing has been increasing its purchases of soybeans, corn, cotton, and pork from the United States to cool prices and as part of its commitments under the pact; however, its purchases of American farm products in the first half of 2020 were still only about 20% of the target for the year 2020. This is despite the fact that China and the United States are in the process of reviewing the Phase-one trade deal.

This year, China will rely heavily on the importation of food grains from other countries. On the surface, it appears like the government is stockpiling grains by purchasing them at low world prices in order to prepare for an imminent food catastrophe.

  1. These panic imports are another evidence that China is beginning to feel the pressure that comes with being isolated in the world as a result of its aggressive foreign policy.
  2. China has simultaneously launched multiple fronts of confrontation around the globe, including those with the United States of America, Australia, Canada, India, Taiwan, and many nations in the South China Sea, amongst others.

In order to satisfy its rapidly expanding internal need for food, China has resorted to purchasing agricultural land in other countries. China has its sights set on a number of different nations, primarily those in Southeast Asia, Latin America, and Africa.

  • Agricultural businesses owned by Chinese corporations have made investments in Argentina, Chile, Brazil, Mozambique, Nigeria, Zimbabwe, Cambodia, and Laos.
  • These investments include cereals, soybeans, orchards, and cattle breeding operations.
  • According to one estimation, Chinese investments in agricultural projects in other countries have totaled 94 billion dollars in the current decade.

In later years, China focused its attention on Europe, the United States, and Australia. In 2016, the Chinese real estate firm Shanghai CRED purchased the largest ranch in the world, which is located in Australia. This ranch is considered to be the world’s largest.

  • Chinese businesses have acquired a significant number of milk and dairy farms in New Zealand.
  • In 2013, Ukraine leased three million hectares of agricultural land to a Chinese business.
  • In France, China bought vineyards and acquired one thousand seven hundred hectares of cereal crops in the center region of France.

Xi’s assertion on the campaign against ‘food waste’ comes at a time when China has made lofty claims of its total annual grain output exceeding 1.3 trillion kilograms, with the per capita grain supply approaching 500 kilograms, in the past five years.

  1. Xi’s assertion comes at a time when China has made lofty claims of its total annual grain output exceeding 1.3 trillion kilograms.
  2. Zheng Fengtian, a professor at Renmin University, stated that China’s food security was not seriously impacted by Covid-19 and that the country has ample grain reserves, with the self-sufficiency rate of rice and wheat being approximately 100 percent and current stock exceeding one year’s annual output.

This was in response to the media hype that China was facing a grave food crisis. While China is taking corrective measures to mitigate the food shortages through domestic and international sources, it is likely that China’s food security will be affected by the large-scale damage caused due to the floods, COVID, global backlash, economic meltdown, and demographic/migration factors.

When did rationing end in China?

The decision by Mao Zedong to undertake the Great Leap Forward, which was endorsed by the leadership of China’s communist party, may be traced back to the beginnings of the famine. This choice was the cause of the famine. The massive mobilization of the country’s enormous population was intended to produce in just a few years the same level of economic progress that other countries only achieved after many decades of effort.2 Steel production was made the focal point of this misguided endeavor by Mao, who was ideologically bound to the Stalinist ideology that placed a premium on the importance of heavy industries.

  • It was commanded that tens of millions of peasants should not labor in the fields but rather dig local resources of iron ore and limestone, cut down trees for charcoal, build basic clay furnaces, and smelt metal instead of working in the fields.
  • This frantic endeavor did not generate steel but rather chunks of fragile cast iron that were not even suitable for use as rudimentary tools.

Peasants were coerced into giving up all private food production, and newly established agricultural communes planted less land to grain, despite the fact that grain was the primary source of dietary energy in China at the time.3 At the same time, tales of record grain harvests were falsified and distributed to the public in order to promote the perceived benefits of community farming.

  1. After that, these huge exaggerations were used to support the expropriation of bigger portions of grain for cities and the building of wasteful public mess halls that served free meals.
  2. Both of these actions were seen as justifications for the urbanization of agriculture.4 In actuality, grain harvests dropped dramatically (as shown in fig.1), and because the supply and demand for food had been almost balanced prior to 1958, by the spring of 1959, a third of China’s provinces were suffering from famine.

Production of grain in China, both overall and on a per capita basis, from 1950 to 1970 The famine was primarily a social disaster, and its causes could be broken down into three categories: omission, commission, and provision. These three characteristics are present in every modern famine that was caused by humans.5 The most egregious oversight was made by the leaders of China, who neglected to recognise the famine and move quickly to get relief from other countries.

  • Once the government decides to intervene, studies show that famines can be readily terminated (or averted), yet it took the Chinese government about three years to take action.
  • The worst acts of commission were maintaining food exports while also taking away all private means of food production (in certain locations, including cooking utensils), pushing peasants into poorly run communes, and taking away all private means of food production.

Selective provisioning was a planned practice that involved giving cities and the governing class a higher priority in terms of food distribution. These actions are perfect illustrations of Sen’s thesis about the critical link between political alienation of the governors from the governed, which is as follows: “One group of people is responsible for bearing the immediate consequences of a famine, while another group is responsible for making political decisions.

  1. Those in power never go hungry.
  2. But a government that is accountable to the people living in its territory also has compelling motives to do all in its power to eliminate famines.
  3. Through the use of electoral politics, democracy transfers the cost of famines on those who are in power as well.” 6 In Mao’s China, such a connection did not exist.

The misery was only made worse by the weather. The natural disasters are still being blamed for the misery, according to official sources; however, China’s own data contradict this explanation.7 There is little question that the drought that occurred in 1960–1961 would have reduced food availability in the provinces that were most hit, but the drought alone would have been responsible for only a tiny portion of the final death toll that occurred across the country.

  • In spite of China experiencing some of its worst droughts and floods in recent history in the 1990s, the country was nevertheless able to maintain a sufficient food supply throughout the decade.
  • The famine did not cease until after 1961, when a return to more logical economic measures, including the importation of food, was finally implemented.

Opening up to the rest of the world was a significant factor in the change. The United States placed an order for thirteen of the world’s largest and most sophisticated nitrogen fertiliser facilities, which were designed in the United States. This purchase was the first economic transaction to be inked following President Nixon’s visit to Beijing in 1972.

  • After making more purchases of similar plants, China eventually became the most prolific manufacturer of nitrogenous fertilizers in the world.
  • The reformist side of the Communist Party began implementing significant changes in 1979, less than three years after Mao Zedong passed away.
  • The first major shift was the dissolution of agricultural communes and the freeing of farm prices.

By 1984, all food restrictions had been eliminated in the cities, and China’s average per capita food supply had risen to within 5 percentage points of Japan’s comfortable norm.8

What does the Chinese military eat?

According to Feng, even in isolated garrisons and far-flung regions where it might take days or even weeks for military supplies to arrive, service members can still eat carefully preserved shrimp, rice pudding, veggies, and moon cakes.

What is in a Chinese MRE?

The meal ready to eat (MRE) provided by China is straightforward and consists of sausage, sticky rice, spicy sauce, cake, sliced pineapple, a juice drink, a spoon, and napkins. – The ration for the Chinese People’s Liberation Army. Alduin Hearth Hong reported feeling content after consuming this ration, despite the fact that it did not contain a very large quantity of food or a diverse selection of things.